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NGOs, NPOs and CBOs, Spring 2007

Castro-Vazquez, Genaro

[Course Guide]

Sub Title:

The provision of health care

Course Description:

Throughout the world the provision of health care is labour intensive. The functioning of national systems for health care and improvement around the globe depends upon financial capital, enlightened political leadership, hospitals, equipment and medicines.
But the single most important factor in determining the success of healthcare delivery is the workforce: the clinical and non-clinical staff members that are in direct contact with the recipients of health care services. The knowledge and skills, attitudes and motivation of healthcare workers can make or break even the most carefully designed system. Equipment and medicines are necessary to improve the productivity and effectiveness of health professionals; but without the professionals little if any health improvement at all is possible.
Non-governmental Organisation (NGO) to mean any grouping of people who have a common mission to meet a particular need in their society or community, and are not formed or controlled by government. Throughout the world groups of people identify needs in their communities which government institutions are either not designed to meet or which government institutions are unable to meet because of the unavailability of resources, and the government having other priorities. This is particularly the case in poor countries. It does, however, happen that private citizens are compelled to organize themselves to meet certain needs because government is not willing to address these needs, even where resources may be available. This happens in oppressive regimes and dictatorships of
various kinds. So, an NGO may address a need which is normally not a concern of government, but NGO’s address needs which in a normal society should be addressed by government.
- To define the concepts of citizenship and civil society
- To identity the role of the State in the provision of health care
- To understand the origin, function, and classification of NGOs, NPOs and CBOs
- To debate the current circumstances surrounding the provision of health care through NGOs, NPOs and CBOs.

Classes: 13
One 90-minute class per week

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