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KEIO Opencourseware >> Course List >> Faculty of Economics >>Economic History II: Introduction to the Economic History of Japan and Asia, Spring 2004
Economic History II: Introduction to the Economic History of Japan and Asia, Spring 2004
[Lecture 07: The 'opening' of Japan and its modern history]

1 Japan in the Tokugawa and Meiji periods
    a) The 'modernity' of the West and of Japan
      The nature of modern Japan
      The controversy over the nature of Japanese capitalism
      Koza-ha and Rono-ha
      Modernization theory
    b) Continuity and discontinuity
      Different assessments of the Meiji Restoration
      The significance of the opening of the treaty ports in Japan's economic history
      Economic development during the Tokugawa period

2 Economic development in Tokugawa Japan: a macro-economic overview
    a) The political and economic systems under Tokugawa rule
      The creation of separate warrior and farming classes
      The class system
      The kokudaka system
      The policy of 'isolation'
      Centralization and decentralization
    b) Economic development during the Tokugawa period
      Population; the acreage under cultivation; figures for rice production; prices
      The development of agricultural production
      'External expansion' in the 17th century and 'internal expansion' in the 18th century
      The growth of the market economy

3 Economic development from the opening of the treaty ports through the Meiji period: a macro-economic overview
    a) The opening of the treaty ports: the shift from a closed to an open economy
      The commercial treaties with the United States, Britain, France, Russia and the Netherlands
      Treaty port trade
      The economic effects of the opening of the treaty ports
    b) Economic development during the Meiji period
      The establishment of the Meiji government
      Financial problems
      The land tax reforms (chiso-kaisei)
      The abolition of the stipend system (chitsuroku-shobun)
      Government-sponsored enterprises (shokusan-kogyo)
      The significance of Matsukata's fiscal policies
      The boom in private industry
      The Sino-Japanese War (1894-95)
      The establishment of the gold standard (1897)

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