Throughout the world the provision of health care is labour intensive. The functioning of national
systems for health care and improvement around the globe depends upon financial capital, enlightened
political leadership, hospitals, equipment and medicines.
But the single most important factor in determining the success of healthcare delivery is the workforce:
the clinical and non-clinical staff members that are in direct contact with the recipients of health care
services. The knowledge and skills, attitudes and motivation of healthcare workers can make or break
even the most carefully designed system. Equipment and medicines are necessary to improve the
productivity and effectiveness of health professionals; but without the professionals little if any health
improvement at all is possible.
Non-governmental Organisation (NGO) to mean any grouping of people who have a common mission
to meet a particular need in their society or community, and are not formed or controlled by
government. Throughout the world groups of people identify needs in their communities which
government institutions are either not designed to meet or which government institutions are unable to
meet because of the unavailability of resources, and the government having other priorities. This is
particularly the case in poor countries. It does, however, happen that private citizens are compelled to
organize themselves to meet certain needs because government is not willing to address these needs,
even where resources may be available. This happens in oppressive regimes and dictatorships of
various kinds. So, an NGO may address a need which is normally not a concern of government, but
NGO’s address needs which in a normal society should be addressed by government.
- To define the concepts of citizenship and civil society
- To identity the role of the State in the provision of health care
- To understand the origin, function, and classification of NGOs, NPOs and CBOs
- To debate the current circumstances surrounding the provision of health care through NGOs,
NPOs and CBOs.
Message to those taking this Course:
１. Exam（ ）
２. Reports（Students have to write a research project focused on the provision of health and
through NGOs, NPOs and CBOs. This will be 50 percent of the final grade）
３. Attendance,Participasion（ Active participation will be 50 percent of the final grade）